Lip plastic surgery is a type of cosmetic surgery, the main goal of which is to achieve the maximum reconstructive and aesthetic effect. Thanks to the procedure, you can increase or decrease the volume, correct the shape, remove the congenital consequences (for example "cleft palate"), smooth the skin.
To carry out the manipulation, a surgical or injection method is used.
Lip plastic surgery corrects thin, dry and asymmetrical lips, as well as "string" wrinkles in this area.
Such plastic is performed by surgical methods (V-Y plastic, megaphone, threadlifting, reconstructive surgery), injection (filler, lipofilling) and non-injection (electroporation).
Lip correction is suitable for people with problems such as:
- Availabilitywrinklesaround the mouth;
- differentvolumeslower and upper lips;
- cleft lip.
Even if a person has no such indications and is not satisfied with the shape or volume, he can easily go to a specialist and undergo a lip operation.
But there are contraindications. It is impossible to perform plastic surgery to augment the upper or lower lip:
- people who havetattoo;
- people who have occasionalherpes;
- people thatoncologicaldiseases and epilepsy.
What not to do before the increase
There are no hard and fast rules for preparing for a lip augmentation procedure with a filler. Experts recommend to stop drinking alcohol, take painkillers, vitamin E.
Do not massage your lips, as it improves blood circulation, which can lead to bleeding.
Methods for increasing the volume of the lips
Cheiloplasty is a method of augmenting and correcting the shape and contour of the lips by injection or lipofilling.
This is an injectable lip plastic. With the help of such a drug, plastic is made from a gel. Those who do not want to undergo plastic surgery to augment their lips can use this particular method. To carry out such a procedure, the doctor first designates the injection sites, together with the patient chooses a certain type of filler.
To increase the lips, you can use not only silicone implants, but also inserts made of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene.
The synthetic polymer is very soft, easy to compress. This means that the expanded polytetrafluoroethylene will look as natural as possible.
These types include synthetic ones - made of silicone, but very often they can cause allergic reactions and various and biocompatible inflammations - based on collagen, hyaluronic acid and obtained from patients' tissues.
Hyaluronic acid hydrates the skin and allows collagen synthesis. After the selected filler, it is injected into a sterilized syringe and then under the skin, often under the wrinkle, and until the skin becomes smooth. Also, this procedure can be used not only for lip augmentation, but for plastic surgery after an injury.
After the procedure, it is not allowed to put on make-up for about 6 hours, touch the lip or massage it, before and after the procedure it is recommended to take drugs that increase blood viscosity, do not visit solariums and saunas until the swelling disappears.
This method is not sustainable. The injection can stay under the skin for about 1. 5 years. Subsequently, the effect of hyaluronic acid disappears. The lips become what they were before the procedure.
This is an operation thanks to which you can both increase the volume of the lip and change its shape. This procedure is performed on the basis of the patient's fatty tissue. Plastic to change the shape is done surgically.
To begin with, the doctor uses liposuction to remove fat cells from the thighs, abdomen, or knees. To cleanse fat, it undergoes a special procedure, from which damaged blood cells and blood are removed.
Then, through small punctures, this fat is injected into the lip, they are formed in the folds of the skin. Lip augmentation surgery by lipofilling is performed under local anesthesia or anesthesia. After the operation, the patient has no pain. The injected fat tends to maintain the shape of the lips throughout life.
For the production of such implants, silicone is used. After it is injected into the skin, it will not harm the body. It also does not decompose. If desired, this subcutaneous implant can be removed without any effort.
And to make an implant from natural materials, the tissue of the groin area is used. In this case, there will be no allergic reactions in the patient. A scar may remain where the tissue was taken. As in lipofilling, augmentation plastic surgery with the help of lip implants takes about 30-60 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia.
The shape of the lips changes
Lip cheiloplasty also means reshaping surgery. Therefore, there are three techniques.
With this technique, V-shaped incisions are made. They are performed inside the lips. Then, they are sewn together in a Y shape. Depending on how many incisions there are, it depends on how far you can enlarge the upper lip.
Upper lip shortening is a method in which the skin is removed along the length of the lip in the form of an ellipse. This piece can be shortened to the required length.
Corner tightening with threads
This lip augmentation procedure is called thread lifting. Sutures for the operation are performed to suture wounds. They are called mesothread.
They are made with materials that do not cause allergies. Such an operation is performed in this way: the doctor makes the necessary punctures through which the threads are inserted and sewn.
It won't take long - just 40 minutes. Thanks to this operation, a frame is created under the skin that maintains the shape of the lips. After a few years these threads dissolve, but the shape remains the same. Anyone can perform this procedure, starting from the age of 25, as it has no medical contraindications.
"Inverted lips" technique
The technique is popular, as plump and voluminous lips are considered the standard of beauty. Cosmetology today offers several ways to increase, but the most popular is the "inverted lips" or French technique.
It is often used only on the upper lip, as it is more susceptible to age-related changes. The method allows you to tighten the corners of the lips, prevent their sagging, as a result of which the face gets tired.
A feature of the procedure is the vertical introduction of the composition, which does not affect the contour of the lips. Therefore, only the volume is created. This technique is used only for a slight lip augmentation, but is not used to correct asymmetry.
Reconstructive plastic surgery of the lips (forced operations)
There are several types.
Removal of the biopolymer gel
After the patient gets a lip augmentation injection, a few years later, the applied gel starts to grow along with the lip and this seems, to put it mildly, not very pleasant. To avoid such consequences, the gel can be removed. This can also be done with the help of cheiloplasty.
The operation is performed as follows: first of all, silicone is removed from the oral area. This happens by applying incisions in certain areas. Then the gel is pumped out. The second step is to restore the normal shape of the lips. Such surgical cheiloplasty is performed under local anesthesia and lasts no more than an hour.
Elimination of the gingival smile
According to statistics, about 10-15% of people on the entire planet have a so-called gum smile. A gum smile is when more than 2mm of a person's jaw is visible. For this reason, some have complexes, because when you smile, the entire upper jaw is visible. You can also get rid of this. This procedure can be done in several ways. The first is that the doctor performs plastic surgery of the upper lip with the help of injections.
Next, it injects the botulinum toxin into some places where the muscles are located. After that, muscle activity will decrease slightly and not go up as much. But since botulinum toxin has the ability to dissolve, this procedure must be repeated several times a year. The second method is surgery.
During this operation, incisions are made through the nose to cut the muscle. After that, the muscle becomes a little longer and begins to move with less force. This operation is better than introducing an injection as it is enough to do it once and the lip will be in a normal state for life.
cleft lip repair
A cleft lip is a defect that appears in a person from birth. This is due to the fact that the tissues of the nasal cavity and upper jaw do not have time to grow together in the uterus. This pathology can occur in 2500 children. Of course, there are ways to reduce it or eliminate it altogether. A cleft lip is not a complicated operation. It is available to everyone.
Before carrying out such an operation, it is necessary to conduct an examination of the patient. Next, the type of operation is selected based on the state it is in. There are the following types of plastic:
- CheiloplastyIt is carried out in such a way that during the correction the upper lip is cut and then the necessary tissues are connected. Then tampons are inserted into the nose so that the seams do not diverge. After 10 days, these stitches are removed. And to avoid complications after removing the sutures, special tubes are inserted into the nasal passages for up to 3 months.
- Rhinokyloplasty- This is an operation with which you can both correct the deformation and the muscles of the mouth and nose.
- Rhinocheilognatoplastyit is one of the most difficult operations to correct a cleft lip. It is done only when a person with this problem has a defect and deviation in the development of the jaw, that is, it does not grow properly. For this, bone grafting is performed. Thanks to her they will be able to eliminate the defects of the jaw and form the necessary frame to give the desired shape.
Lip plastic surgery after injury
It happens when a person has severely damaged their lip during unexpected operations. This also requires plastic surgery. In this case, cheiloplasty is used. To do this, it is necessary to restore the mucous membrane and muscles of the mouth. All of this has to be done in a certain order. First, the skin is sutured, the muscles are sutured. And only then is there the restoration of the mucous membrane.
Does lip augmentation hurt?
The intensity of pain during the procedure depends on their sensitivity.
Even a slight lesion on the surface of the lips causes pain.
In addition, a large number of pain receptors are concentrated in the lips. In addition to individual sensitivity, the level of pain is influenced by such factors as the time of the procedure, the presence of microcracks, colds and psychological attitude.
That is why it is painful for some patients to enlarge the lips, while for others the procedure causes only mild discomfort. But the procedure is carried out with the use of an anesthetic drug, which will reduce the discomfort.
Regardless of the lip augmentation technique used, there are sometimes complications. But they are quite safe and can be easily repaired. Depending on the materials used and the type of operation performed, there could be different consequences.
With an increase in the injection, an allergic reaction to the drugs used or infectious complications may occur. Allergies occur when using biological agents. So, not its tissues can be presented to one person, but let's say another person's tissues, which the body may "not like".
To prevent such a reaction, it is necessary to conduct a test for the appearance of drug allergies. This happens as well as the Mantoux test. The result can be known in 3-4 weeks.
During an infectious complication, purulent inflammation may occur. Complications are also possible when inserting silicone implants, but they can be easily removed and the side effect will pass quickly. Painful swelling and bleeding may occur during lip reduction surgery.
Hemorrhage can occur due to a violation of the vessels that were damaged during surgery. To prevent any complications, you need to know carefully if you can do plastic surgery the right way and be sure to tell your doctor what medications you use. Since there may be incompatibility of some drugs with others, it will expose the appearance of various complications.
The rehabilitation process
After the lips are enlarged, unpleasant pain and swelling occur. To reduce them, experts prescribe lip care creams after plastic augmentation. In the first days it is necessary to make cold compresses and in no case visit saunas, baths, etc.
It is proposed to massage the lips. In order not to damage your new lips, you will have to abandon any cosmetics in the first two weeks. And during the summer, use sunscreen. Some people have a habit of licking their lips, after plastic surgery, you should try to get rid of it.
How long does the result last
The duration of the effect depends on the professionalism of the specialist, the quality of the composition and the individual characteristics of the organism.
After the first procedure, it is recommended to carry out a second one a year later. The subsequent lip augmentation lasts longer. But experts don't recommend getting involved in hyaluronic acid.
Its regular intake causes the body itself to stop producing it. After a few years, the skin will lose elasticity, begin to age rapidly and deep wrinkles will appear.
pros and cons
Non-surgical lip augmentation has its advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of such a procedure include:
- Short termprocedures. The introduction of the drug lasts from 20 to 30 minutes.
- Lack of longrehabilitation.The recovery period takes 1-3 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism.
- Possibility of gradualintroductionscomposition. In one procedure, a specialist can only administer part of the drug.
- Slowdown of the processagingskin.
- Absencescarsand scars.
- Get rid ofwrinkles.Lip augmentation allows you to get rid of only superficial wrinkles.
- Increaseintensitylip colors. They take on a more pronounced red hue.
- Possibility to correct after the procedureform.
- Nutritionand moisturizing lips.
Before deciding on a lip augmentation, it is important to know the disadvantages of the procedure. First of all, it is high cost and pain. With regular lip augmentation, the body gradually ceases to produce hyaluronic acid on its own, as a result of which the skin becomes wrinkled, flabby, and elasticity is lost.
The disadvantages of the procedure include a large number of side effects in the form of tissue swelling, bruising, bruising, the formation of neoplasms, pain and translucency of the composition.